Some measures should be seen by companies as a proactive approach to combating fraud risks. One of the reflections is the creation of an internal tripartite defence team, composed of legal/compliance, financial and internal audits, capable of cooperating and coordinating fraud prevention and detection efforts. In addition, companies may consider a governance structure with clearly defined roles and responsibilities to determine who is responsible for monitoring initial implementation and current accounting requirements. Example and test the income accounts of the profit and loss account: the vat accounts in the profit and loss account reflect all the products made during the period, whether or not the cash changes ownership. The approach to the assigned transaction price is similar to previous guidelines for multi-item agreements, but it has more valuation uncertainties. Management does not have the free choice of estimation methods, but great flexibility as long as the methods chosen for a given performance obligation are applied consistently. The FASB defines the price of the transaction as the amount of consideration to which the company is entitled in exchange for the transfer of goods or services. Using this approach, determining the transaction price requires the prediction of the total amount of consideration to which the entity can claim. This provision may include more than the use of the transaction price written in the contract. The new FASB approach requires the estimation of variable considerations, i.e. all the circumstances that may lead to the expected consideration being different from the base price of the contract. For example, variable counterparties are refunds, credits, rebates, rebates, tariff concessions, incentives, penalties, performance bonuses, claims and similar facts in which the promised consideration may vary or depend on the future event.
In subject 606, an entity must use one of two methods of estimation – the expected value or the likely amount – according to the best preacher. Some types of fraud in the area of revenue recognition are not addressed and could never be dealt with by improved accounting consulting. An important example is the administrative overload to enter false newspaper entries into the credit income used by HealthSouth and WorldCom. Another is the use of an unrelated party not mentioned to inflate a transaction price or to create a transaction that may never have occurred, such as the one used by Bonneville Pacific. Cendant accelerated revenue by transferring valid contracts from its database, which were to be detected over time, into an Excel table and manipulating the data to re-categorize them as services immediately provided. These approaches to declining revenue remain serious risks that listeners should be aware of.