One of these cheating importers was John Hancock, who was a merchant, statesman, and patriot of the American Revolution. He had his captains` goods transported, which was prohibited by the agreement. His ships carried cargoes such as British flax or gunpowder. Another well-known smuggler was Samuel Adams, also a well-known American statesman, who later became one of the organizers of the Boston Tea Party. These smuggling practices were not only an effective way to resist Britain`s high taxes and weaken its policies, but also a cheaper alternative for the desired goods. The illegal goods were obtained in particular from Dutch, French and Spanish traders and merchants. To protest the British Crown`s Townshend Act, which imposed taxes on a variety of goods, Boston merchants and traders struck an agreement not to import or export goods to the UK.